Урок 1

Read the text, translate it and answer the questions.

Geographical Position

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland1  is situated on the British Isles2  — a large group of islands lying off the north-western coast of Europe3  and separated from the continent by the English Channel4  and the Strait of Dover5  in the south and the North Sea6 in the east.

The British Isles consist of two large islands — Great Britain and Ireland — separated by the Irish Sea7, and a lot of small islands, the main of which are the Isle of Wight8 in the English Channel, Anglesea9 and the Isle of Man10 in the Irish Sea, the Hebides11 — a group of islands off the north-western coast of Scotland12, and two groups of islands lying to the north of Scotland: the Orkney Islands13 and the Shetland Islands14.

Historically the territory of the United Kingdom is divided into four parts: England15, Scotland, Wales16 and Northern Ireland.

The total area of the United Kingdom is 244 square kilometres.

 

Words:

1The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland — Объединённое королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии

2the British Isles — Британские острова

3Europe — Европа

4the English Channel  — пролив Ла Манш

5the Strait of Dover — пролив Па Де Кале

6the North Sea — Северное море

7the Irish Sea — Ирландское море

8the Isle of Wight — остров Уайт

9Anglesea — Энглси

10the Isle of Man — остров Мэн

11the Hebides — Гебриды

12Scotland — Шотландия

13the Orkney Islands — Оркнейские острова

14the Shetland Islands — Шетландские острова

15England — Англия

16Wales — Уэльс

 

Questions:

1. Where is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland situated?

2. Which waters separate the British Isles from the continent of Europe?

3. What islands do the British Isles consist of?

4.Which four parts is the territory of the United Kingdom historically divided into?

5.What is the total area of the United Kingdom?